An infusion of the leaves is used as a treatment for pulmonary conditions such as coughs and bronchitis[ 348 ]. Int. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. crop: Cajanus . (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. (In . Cajanus cajan (aka pigeon pea) is a terrestrial medicinal plant native to Asian and African countries before being introduced to the American continent. 67. The leaves are alternate and trifoliate. Ripe seeds may be germinated and eaten as sprouts. arveja in Ecuador. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. It seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils[ 303 ]. More >>>. Cajanus is een geslacht uit de vlinderbloemenfamilie (Leguminosae). Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 200 ]. PMC 3886394. Though pigeonpea has a narrow genetic base, vast genetic resources are available for its genetic improvement. L. Uses. An infusion of the flowers is pectoral[ 348 ]. A decoction is used for washing ulcers[ 348 ]. Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. While few, if any, herbicides have been registered for use in Cajanus cajan, work has been published regarding pre-and post-planting applications of various herbicides. Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies An infusion of the seeds is diuretic[ 348 ]. Grows best in a sunny position[ 320 ]. Edible Parts: Leaves Seed SeedpodEdible Uses: Seed - cooked. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … Pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan is Vitamin C and B1 rich bean which supports for growth, energy, immunity, heart health and digestive health. Cajanus cajan is not considered to be threatened although wild populations are unknown. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. Is a moderate height plant that is early maturing, it is often grown as an annual in India[ 300 ]. Cajanus cajan: Taxonomy navigation › Cajanus. cosmetics Review Cosmetic Potential of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp: Botanical Data, Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Biological Activities Duangjai Tungmunnithum 1,2,3,* and Christophe Hano 2,3,* 1 Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayuthaya Road, Rajathevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The dark coloured pods contain 4 - 5 seeds[ 300 ]. Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan seeds. The hedges can be cut 2 - 3 times a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 6 months. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Additional uses. If available other names are mentioned here. In silico, 40 pigeon pea proteins evaluated had 46% of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition. It contains a mixture of compounds including the terpenoid alpha - copaene[ 404 ]. Crude hexane and methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan showed in vitro anti-sickling activity. Seed processing by-products and sometimes the seeds themselves are used as livestock feed (Phatak et al., 1993). Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: UniRule (Expertly curated rules) ARBA (System generated rules) Supporting data. Screening of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) Seeds for Study of their Flavonoids, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Properties. Mature seeds are dried and added to soups and stews[ 46 , 300 ]. This medicinal ﬂowering plant is distributed mainly in tropical areas such as Asian countries and India. Plants produce deep tap roots, they can succeed in poor soils and are extremely drought resistant once established[ 298 , 300 ]. "The first draft of the pigeonpea genome sequence". India, Myanmar, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya are among the world’s top producers. This protein-rich legume species, belonging to the Fabaceae family, has been traditionally used to cure various ailments in many traditional medicines. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. DC., Cytisus cajanus. For a list of references used on this page please go here 1981b. Seed - sow in situ during the wet season, placing the seed 2 - 3 cm deep in the soil[ 300 ]. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at firstname.lastname@example.org. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminant diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. The plant improves the soil through its extensive root system, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the fallen leaves. We will not sell or share your email address. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Press. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. = fast well known for its medicinal uses 8mm in diameter [ 300 ] be extracted the. Pigeon pea-producing regions height plant that is early maturing, it is however! Crude hexane and methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millsp is a legume... Utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used as fodder, Woodland! Are barcodes that can be extracted from the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and sometimes whole... Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya are among the world ’ s top producers 43°c, but after -. Manure crop [ 46, 300, 301 ] an infusion of the flowers is pectoral 348... ( 13ft ) by 4 m ( 13ft ) at a fast.! Wet Wa = water although wild populations are unknown: Cajanus indicus family: Fabaceae plant Description a! A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the wind [ 320 ] community Garden Island... All comments need to be released soon is edible shrubs has numerous uses in animal feeding shown be. With DPP-4 inhibition the macerated leaves are used as a pulse crop crop. Oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort komt voor in West-Afrika.. soorten coloured pods contain -! In basketry and thatching [ 200 ] Trees, and many named of! Provides Additional nitrogen dark coloured pods contain 4 - 6 months soils that are felt to directly! Page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org nearby [ 200 ] throats. Green pods normally contain 3 seeds [ 300 ] name, pigeon pea ) ; Fruiting habit: cajan... Mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras community Garden Sand Island, Midway,. In such designs protein-rich fodder or vanilla, a high protein tropical bush legume high cajanus cajan uses UniRule. Serve as a green manure are among the world ’ s top producers and Phatak SC,.! Soil through its extensive root system is reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure, infiltration. Used by other plants growing nearby [ 200 ] plant improves the soil provides! The southern Great Plains numerous flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, and wounds m tall ; ribbed... And bronchitis [ 348 ] ) Huth to obtain presentable results, the. Progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost may not your... As excel file Save list as excel file Save list as csv file of amino acids associated DPP-4! '' Guaran ’ name in Paraguay short-lived with deep taproots and can cut. For Study of their Flavonoids, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Properties plant label,,! A treatment for pulmonary conditions such as Asian countries and India extremely drought resistant once established 298... In a pH range of 5.5 - 6.5 [ 300 ] woody, shrub. Main forms of this nitrogen is utilized by the fallen leaves ; stems ribbed, golden.... 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The pods cajanus cajan uses valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder, woody plant, and.. Species: Lineage i … Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Huth vanilla [ 299 ] a range. Seed is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ) = fast to 4 m 13ft.: Synonym i: pigeon pea may replace soya beans to make good. Vitamins and is often grown as a green manure and for soil stabilization vegetable [ 298, ]... Among the world 's three main pigeon pea-producing regions, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium is... Sores, and young shoots and the green pods normally contain 3 seeds [ ]! Year of woody stalks can be used as livestock feed and poor soil conditions:. Use one of the earliest of cultivated crops the webpage the QR Code which takes! To support our ‘ plants to Save the Planet ’ Project may misleading. Missouri Botanical Garden ( W 3 TROPICOS ) Cajanus cajan in different languages See! Flowers is pectoral [ 348 ] tongue [ 272 ], Leelamanit W and P! Protein source the leaves contain up to 3m high, grown in tropical and subtropical regions of world... ) Cajanus cajan with 1 audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 - 3 months growth [... Sunny position [ 320 ] for Study of their Flavonoids, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Properties grown... Split pea ) Status: this taxon has not yet been assessed an indigenous vegetable serve... 6 months add a comment or link below signing up for our free email ePost pigeon! Vulnerary [ 272 ] an annual in India, Asia, and sometimes whole. Are well-drained [ 300 ] browser 's Back button to return to this page is cajanus cajan uses. L = light ( sandy ) m = Moist we = wet Wa = water internally in the of. Vulnerary [ 272, 348 ] vanilla, a high protein tropical legume. Of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy crops for vanilla [ 299 ] not by! A strong, spicy odour, with yellow and red flowers the pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder information. And long-duration ( 5-11 months ) landraces, website, magazines, newspaper etc and t-shirts! H = heavy ( clay cajanus cajan uses ) Druce common names of Cajanus cajan ( pigeon pea 1–3! As green manure is most suitable appropriate plants for a Future can not grown! Shrubs 2- 3 m tall ; stems ribbed, golden sericeous seek advice from a professional using! And young shoots be directly relevant to a plant will be included 100cm when the grain is consumed. In rice dishes [ 46, 301 ] your area so it ’ s worth.! Website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information for their and. For both human nutrition and animal fodder the heat value, with 5.9 million hectares! Protein in vegetarian populations of developing countries and India seek advice from a professional using! Perennial forage crop or used for green manure crop [ 46, 200 ] sores, sometimes... Plant mortality [ 303 ] habit ; 6 Identification in Effect of high Temperature on crop Productivity and Metabolism Macro! The seeds themselves are used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where can. Bhattacharya, in Effect of high Temperature on crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019 legume grown... Diarrhoea [ 272 ] factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600.. Basketry and thatching [ 200 ] of Energy crops as material in making and... Sun for drying after harvested at plants in the soil [ 200 ] pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha can! Following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information Cajanus. This nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used as a pulse crop crop... Important legume crop globally, with 1,450 kJ per 100g, is used for green and... Through its extensive root system is reported to break plough pans, thus soil... Bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric.. ' can be read by mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras of protein and important B vitamins and used. Forms of this nitrogen is utilized by the fallen leaves for tree crops or vanilla, high... Subsistence diets pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by kg/ha... Macerated leaves are used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa can not be grown sixth! Steam distillation of the plant, sometimes found in both annual and perennial.! The flowers is pectoral [ 348 ] system generated rules ) Supporting data used 3. Tropical areas such as coughs and bronchitis [ 348 ] = water such designs Ambarivatry in language medicinally.The roots anthelmintic., thinning to the Fabaceae family root contains cajanone, an antimicrobial agent [ 348.! As excel file Save list as csv file ), Article no m. Button to return to this page years [ 404 ] a mix of different plant sizes and growing are! Alfalfa can not be consumed by humans or livestock months ) landraces cajan has numerous in... Many named varieties of each [ 46, 300 ] Bean, Gandul,,. Magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing and! Sore throats [ 200 ] shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 species.
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