John C. Frémont, in full John Charles Frémont, (born January 21, 1813, Savannah, Georgia, U.S.—died July 13, 1890, New York, New York), American military officer and an early explorer and mapmaker of the American West, who was one of the principal figures in opening up that region to settlement and was instrumental in the U.S. conquest and development of California. READ MORE: California's Little-Known Genocide. Inspired by the brave souls of the Bear Flag Revolt, we celebrate the kindred spirits who stand their ground, have the good taste to dream big...and never waste a drop. “If you read the reports of these meetings [of Californios], these people saw it coming,” Heidenriech says. Awkwardly caught in the middle, Vallejo found himself arrested by a band of Americans who came to his door one morning in 1846. Led by William B. Ide, the Americans issued a declaration of independence and hoisted a flag, its white ground emblazoned with a grizzly bear facing a red star. Bear Flag Revolt, June 1846 As American settlers moved into Mexican-controlled California, most groups settled either in the Sonoma-Napa area, or north of Sutter's Fort near present day Sacramento. At the beginning of July, Commodore John Sloat, commander of the U.S. Navy’s Pacific fleet, arrived at Monterey Bay. On July 9 forces under Commodore John D. Sloat occupied San Francisco and Sonoma, claimed California for the United States, and replaced the bear flag with the American flag. California officially became the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The Bear Flag Revolt In June of 1846, in the midst of the war, a group of American settlers living in Mexican-controlled Northern California decided to declare California an independent republic. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The Bear Flag Revolt was a short-lived rebellion of American settlers in California against the Mexican government in the summer of 1846. It seems that the Bear Flag was created by the nephew of Mary Todd Lincoln, President Lincoln’s wife. Published Date: 1996 Publisher Known as the Bear Flag Revolt, a reference to the short-lived republic’s flag, this event was something between an American invasion and a miniature war of independence. A modified version of the original bear flag became California’s state flag in 1911, roughly a decade before the California grizzly bear went extinct. Aware that skirmishes had broken out along the Rio Grande in April, and that Mexican forces were preparing to defend California, Frémont decided to return to Mexican territory in mid-May. Saying he'd rather be accused of doing too much than too little, he began the U.S. occupation of California, landing 250 sailors and Marines and hoisting the Stars and Stripes over Monterey. The Californios formally ceded Alta California in 1847 with the Treaty of Cahuenga. But the Republic was quick to fall. It remains unclear when Frémont learned that war had formally broken out, but his instincts proved correct and allowed him to take some of the first actions of the Mexican-American War. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The American flag was nowhere displayed. The Bear Flag Revolt (June–July 1846) was a short-lived independence rebellion precipitated by American settlers in California’s Sacramento Valley against Mexican authorities. Bear Flag Revolt, (June–July 1846), short-lived independence rebellion precipitated by American settlers in California’s Sacramento Valley against Mexican authorities. On June 14 another group captured Sonoma, the chief settlement north of San Francisco. What Was The Bear Flag Revolt. In 1846 approximately 500 Americans were living in California, compared with between 8,000 and 12,000 Mexicans. In 1848, just before California’s formal annexation, gold was discovered in Coloma, near Sacramento. Updates? Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. They nearly came to blows with the Mexican authorities after planting an American flag atop Gavilán Peak (now Frémont Peak, near Salinas, California), but retreated into the Oregon Territory. After accepting Vallejo’s official surrender, the Americans elected William B. Ide as their leader, declared the foundation of a new republic and hoisted a hastily assembled flag featuring a California grizzly bear over the Sonoma barracks. The Bear Flag was the original emblem of the California Republic and flown during the Bear Flag Revolt which preceded the U.S. acquisition of California when Mexico ceded the land to the United States under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Publisher's beige cloth with color facsimile of the Bear flag on front cover, title in gilt … The role of John Charles Fremont in the Bear Flag Revolt remains a matter of controversy. 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