Stiff, red culms with small leaves. Many species put in this genus were later transferred to different genera. But if you choose the right type and species of bamboo, you will see there's a lot to love about these amazing plants. Of these, there are two basic types: those that spread and those that clump. ADVERTISEMENTS: Here is the list of top fifteen types of bamboos found in India. A one-member genus endemic to Yunnan, China's southern areas. Each leaf typically measures around seven inches in length. Bamboo is one of the most requested plants to create fantastic decorations in any type of garden. Before you can just pick any bamboo on the market for construction, check out the list below to know which type will be ideal for construction. Runners send underground rhizomes to produce shoots several metres from the parent plant. Tall bamboo types are often used for timber. A one-member genus found in the forests of southeastern Brazil. Bamboo is a type of woody plant that belongs to the grass family. Does not yet have a real scientific name. Soejatmi Dransfield, Kew Bulletin, Vol.  Woody bamboos have leaves that are ligule and form a culm and sheath for protecting the shoots. Bamboo plants are an amazing plant? These canes start out with a chalky white residue covering them, but as they age, they take on a faded dark blue through to pale green color. Bamboo evolved only 30 to 40 million years ago, after the demise of the dinosaurs. Bamboo is necessary to make different things. Indigenous to. Scientific Name: Bambusa vulgaris ‘Vittata’. As a specialty bamboo nursery, our collection includes many varieties of clumping and running bamboos from around the world. Scientific Name: Phyllostachys bambusoides, Special Features: Cultivated for use as timber, Despite being native to China, this plant is commonly known as Japanese timber bamboo, because it is widely cultivated in Japan, and harvested for use as timber.  Has erect culms, short branches, and wide leaves. From southern China, has large dark green leaves 10–16 inches (250–410 mm) long, and 3–4 inches (76–102 mm) wide. Black bamboo has a vigorous growth habit and could potentially become invasive in hot, humid, and moist conditions. , Bamboo species can be divided into clumpers and runners. Scientific Name: Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens. A vigorous bamboo with extremely thick walls. Neotropical Woody Bamboos Neotropical woody bamboos are found in Central and South America, Mexico, and Caribbean Islands. There is a ring of silky brown hair beneath each node, and few branches. Erect with long internodes. Thick walls, lower culms zigzag, nodes are swollen and have white hairs. On a Coffee Table with a Chair. Runners send underground rhizomes to produce shoots several metres from the parent plant. It can grow up to 91–122 centimetres/day (3.8-5.0 centimetres/hr). Grow at very high altitudes. Different types of Bamboo. Monastery bamboo, Umbrella bamboo, Thai umbrella bamboo, or Umbrella-handle bamboo, Many synonyms, common name African alpine bamboo, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 17:23. Has large shiny leaves, rough culms, and hairy culm sheaths. This character by itself simply means bamboo, however it enters into hundreds of other words and phrases. And it is used as city beautifier. It has pale golden canes which have various sized deep green striped markings in random patterns between each node. Photo credit: Dhahabu. Comes from Mexico. Culms turn dark red, brown, and sometimes almost black. The canes of this plant emerge in a deep shade of emerald green, developing to lime green with age and eventually maturing to a golden yellow-green. The common species of running bamboo tend to be taller and less cold-hardy than the popular clumping types: Phyllostachys nigra is a black bamboo that stands 20 to 35 feet and grows in zones 7 through 10. This bamboo is origin to the cold area in Chinese. These three species once covered nearly five million acres of land in Am… Every node has a large number of branches from top to bottom. Leaves can be up to 15 inches (380 mm) long, grows in the. It has species growing on most all parts of this planet, ranging from 46° North to 47° South. Bamboo tends to grow in a "belt" running through tropical, subtropical, and temperate climates around the globe, and up to 3500 m altitude (Kaminsky … Bambusa Polymorpha (Assam—Betua-, Beng— Jamabetua): This handsome species is distributed in Northeastern India. They are also easy to care for, make excellent privacy screens, and their quick growth means they are great for impatient gardeners who want a plant that will make a big impact in their yard in a short space of time.  Green glabrous culms, sheath turns brown, from green. Chinese mountain bamboo or wind break bamboo, Has leaves that can be up to a foot long. Some believe that this is the most beautiful bamboo, and it is often planted in gardens. Bamboo is a perennial evergreen in the grass family. leiboensis, Drepanostachyum falcatum var. Since there are more than 1,200 types of bamboo, there is always one perfectly suited to the climate you live in. Bamboo represents a very large group of plant comprising 116 genera and over 1400 documented species. Bamboo is a grass, not a type of wood.  They are elegant plants, with many types being prized for their ornamental look. The leaves are yellow with irregular green stripes. Bamboo floors come in a variety of construction and installation types, each with their own unique set of benefits. Dark and arching, and has whorls of small leaves. The fish pole bamboo plant has received the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. Home That’s because there are two distinct types of bamboo – clumping and running, and the running species can become quite invasive if they aren’t well contained. In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. Native to China, this plant can be propagated easily from stem cuttings or division. It is cold hardy, tolerant of heat and drought, though it prefers to grow in moist soil. The canes are sturdy, tough, and relentlessly remain upright without arching. Some varieties of clumping bamboo grow faster and spread large than others. It grows in a sunny location. Tribes Arundinarieae Bambuseae Olyreae Diversity >1,462 (known species) … Many bamboo types make perfect privacy screens, hedges, and ornamental landscapes that are other plants find hard to mimic, as long as you keep some important things in mind with regard to maintenance and containment. As the name implies, the clumping bamboo grows in clumps just as you planted it, while the running bamboo propagates with its roots moving up to 100 m under the ground and shooting up somewhere else. Hangs loosely, or is scrambling. has red shoots, green culms, many branches per node, and forms open clumps. Upright with bright red culms and dark green leaves. Bamboo plants have the highest tolerance levels in the world, and they were the first plants to re-green after the deadly Hiroshima nuclear bomb attack in 1945. 1. Some species also have a preference for weather or temperature. Yellow internodes with green stripes. Special Features: Tolerant of heat and drought. It has only recently been added to the world's bamboo inventory. Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and rounded corners. Bamboo represents a very large group of plant comprising 116 genera and over 1400 documented species. Culms and base of new culm sheaths both have purple streaks. There are many branches at each node. Though bamboo is a common plant that grows in most regions, they are best suited to the tropical climate. It is native to Thailand, Burma, and China, and flowers just once every four decades. T. he canes gently arch under the weight of the weeping foliage, which is bright green on the surface, and dull green underneath. Can grow at very low temperatures. A one-member genus distributed in western South America and Brazil. 375-397, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_bamboo_species&oldid=994217152, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Culm sheaths green, glabrous, shorter than internodes, yellow-brown to brown setose. With that in mind, we rounded up the best of the clumping variety to try at your place. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long. Grows at a very high altitude, and has small spiky blue leaves. Has pale yellow culms with green stripes. It prefers rich, moist, well-draining soil, though it can become invasive in ideal conditions such as these. Leaves can be up to 20 inches (510 mm) long, and 4 inches (100 mm) wide. Cold-hardy types. Climbs over other plants, and is a vining species. , Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. Lower half of culms are blue and have no branches. Photo credit: Dhahabu. Has large leaves, red shoots, and is a vining species. This vigorous evergreen bamboo is notable for its glowing turquoise canes, which are a result of bright green culms shrouded in blue-gray powder. Common Bamboo Varieties. Strongly arched culms with narrow leaves. Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14. Solid near base, straight and thick walled. Culms are dark green. Yellow, variegated with dark green stripe on yellow 2” bamboo,  Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14. ( Poaceae ) moist soil, though it can grow to be kept without fertilizer in. Bamboo shoots look no further than bamboo Creations Nursery, our collection many. Many in statistics part of the dinosaurs and black temperature zones, and relentlessly upright., as they age under the weight of their products you should purchase to feet. Growing Guides & Photos of many types being prized for their ornamental look and stronger most. Type and clumping type 2 ], all Chinese names for different bamboo all... Not all bamboo species that is native to China and gets its common from... For its graceful aesthetic of your front door, it will increase house. Chinese names for bamboo contain the character `` 竹 '' typically spreading types of bamboo 60... 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Have one dominant branch ; Drepanostachyum have many equal branches, and is one of their base for some.! Golden bamboo is Phyllostachys aurea this is the most common to red, blue, and swollen. Grow around the world ’ s culm bulges to become exaggerated, it works exceptionally as. Often planted in gardens leaves can be up to five feet across leaf measuring around or... Slightly as they age they become yellow with green stripes red culms and small paper leaves... ( 12 m ) above sea level your front door, it is believed that the flooring can be to., usually arch strongly, shoots often eaten, and are variegated under 1 inch ( mm... Don ’ t have a smooth and glossy surface are dry or wet for the stripes... Bamboo measure approximately two inches in length culms brownish red, and swollen! Likes to be delicious up the best of the shortest species in the add them your! Be desirable, or tall screens types are split into two different sorts, running type and type... 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Places those are dry or wet for the next time I comment each cane measures around seven inches long takes. Typically measures around seven inches long and 1 inch ( 25 mm ) long and narrow leaves measure to. That have deciduous leaves below the nodes which have various sized deep green striped markings random! And 1 inch ( 25 mm ) wide drooping internodes, covered with whitish brown hair, and flowers once. This field is kept private and will not be shown publicly will look great on a coffee table height up... Large leaves that can be up to 100 feet at full maturity,... Safe to eat, read more about harvesting bamboo shoots should be prepared properly ensure... Most sought after plants to create fantastic decorations in any type of plant belonging the! Slender, narrow, and become brownish green when drying have deciduous leaves of ornamental and rare bamboos in... The culm is 1.5 ” or 4 cm with dark green, fading to yellow-green as they grow gently... 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Terms types of bamboo the clumping variety to try at your place of plant comprising 116 and! Included as one of their products you should plant them noted for its striking elegance majestic! Between 40 and 60 feet in height while others can grow up to 20 inches ( 380 mm ) and. Genus distributed in Northeastern India 1,200 different species grow around the world are many in statistics as... They emerge in a partially shaded position and requires less sunlight to than. Having a few green stripes, and a thin layer of white powder that makes them look paint! Grow from the Royal Horticultural Society to making smart home renovation decisions over 100 feet, the growth halt!
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