The Lord's Supper is not a time to emphasize our guilt; it is a time to reflect on the greatness of God's grace, love and mercy to those who obey Him ( Matthew 7:21). Jesus says this as he stands before them. This circumstance is included in all the accounts; in those of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, as well as in Paul's. For them the spiritual presence of Christ is in the elements and, as in the former views, God ministers grace to the communicant in a concrete way through participation. Gave thanks to God. The succession of Christian bishops carries us, even on the loosest theory, through the great Churches to the apostolic age. Take, eat, this is my body As Paul designed here to instruct us in a few words as to the right use of the sacrament, it is our duty to consider attentively (676) what he sets before us, and allow nothing to pass unobserved, inasmuch as he says nothing but what is exceedingly necessary to be known, and worthy of the closest attention. 'Aleph (') A B omit "broken," leaving it to be supplied from "brake." He is, however, obtained, I affirm, not only when we believe that he was made an offering for us, but when he dwells in us — when he is one with us — when we are members of his flesh, (Ephesians 5:30,) — when, in fine, we are incorporated with him (so to speak) into one life and substance. Now, however, they admit that it is indeed a commemorative sacrifice, but in such a way, that the benefit of redemption is, through means of their daily oblation, (681) applied to the living and the dead. To explain this more familiarly in other words — the promise is annexed to the commandment in a conditional way, as it were: hence it has its accomplishment only if the condition also is accomplished. To those who first heard them they certainly must have implied not that a physical presence was about to be perpetuated, but rather that there was now something for them which would in after ages console them for a physical absence. "sacraments." Third, this and every other aspect of worship is serious-worship is the wrong time for humor. Do this in remembrance of me… And [Jesus] took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me. 4. Lenski (First Corinthians, p465) also noted how "Loaves could not be baked from unleavened dough. If you're wondering why this date has any bearing on my subject matter, I am going to relate a story to you that will show you the tie in. The Supper is a regular reminder to the saved of how their names are in the book of life and they have been freed from an eternal condemnation in hell. σιν τοῦ αἵματος αὐτοῦ, λαβὼν εὐχαριστήσας ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς. There is some textual evidence for this word being used again at the end of the verse and the NKJV also includes it. (24) And when he had given thanks . The rite of baptism can be traced from the present time to John the Baptist. Brake (klao) means Jesus "did this for the purpose of distribution only. p. 74) Discipulos docuit proprium se tradere corpus. Which is broken for you Some explain this as referring to the distribution of the bread, because it was necessary that Christ’s body should remain entire, as it had been predicted, (Exodus 12:46,) A bone of him shall not be broken As for myself — while I acknowledge that Paul makes an allusion to the breaking of bread, yet I understand the word broken as used here for sacrificed — not, indeed, with strict propriety, but at the same time without any absurdity. as to show them to be the same tradition. ~ Lk 22:19 Many translations say “Do this as your memorial of me” or words to that effect, and Ellicot’s commentary states it in just those words. 1 Corinthians 11:23-25 #Jesus #LastSupper #MaundyThursday #newcovenant #bread #bible #communion #wordsofJesus #christian #christianity #eucharist #passover Give thanks (eucharisteo) is a fairly common New Testament verb. "This is my body," he meant, "This represents my body." Whether this is the earliest existing narrative of the Lord’s supper, as Stanley says, may he doubted. The Lutherans say, It is his body, because his body is locally present in and with the bread. ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, “unworthily,” for that is an unauthorised supplement), This is my body, which is for you: this do in remembrance of me. Cemeteries often serve as a memorial. They view the elements as pictures or emblems of the body and blood of Christ. Passover (Ii. 1. Приимите, ядите, сие есть тело. Therefore we take these words as symbolic (see 1 Corinthians 11:26). . Jesus invited his disciples to take the bread that represented His body. It can be rendered more literally, "Do this for the remembering of Me," or "Do this in case you forget." Besides, we are taught in these words what the Lord would have us do. Then He said to them, "With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God." Some Christian groups refer to the Lord"s Supper as one of the "sacraments." ательств, что это слово включено в текст. Calvin says, It is his body in the same sense that the dove (John 1:32) was the Holy Ghost. When I am no longer with you bodily, these acts will make memory grow into realisation of My presence in your midst. — There must be a distribution of the elements to those participating in the service. We may not ever be arrested for a crime, but in a spiritual sense we are guilty of multiple horrible acts (sin). For what is the meaning of the supper, if there is no correspondence between the visible sign and the spiritual reality? At any rate, we believe that the original Hebrew of Matthew’s gospel was written before this; and that the Greek Matthew is a translation of that document. He could also say to us, “This is my sacrifice … this is the making present of my offering to the Father for love of you: Do this in memory of me. Some manuscripts (see the KJV translation) contain three simple commands : "Take, eat, do" (as noted below, do is a present tense verb-an on-going action). The Holy Meal (Lord’s Supper) is a living memorial to Christ on the cross! Matthew adds “and gave it to the disciples.”. "he brake it"-the only bread available to Jesus during the Passover, would of been unleavened bread. In contrast to the preceding views this one does not see Christ present in any special sense in the elements. Max. The Communion reminds us that Jesus will one day return for us (verse26b). [Note: Fee, The First . But see, the one who betrays me is with me, and his hand is on the table. Roman Catholics take it as a literal statement meaning the bread really becomes the body of Christ and the contents of the cup become the blood of Christ. However, I think it is important to note that the only clear relevance to our debate was with reference to the phrase “do this in remembrance of Me.” In fact, look at the parallel texts in Matthew and Mark: Allow him to remain in his heavenly glory, and aspire thou thither, (691) that he may thence communicate himself to thee.” These few things will satisfy those that are sound and modest. In Christianity, "Do this in remembrance of me" is a statement Jesus Christ made to his disciplines during the "Lord's Supper." eucharisteo. The one is the symbol and pledge of the other. SeeHebrews 10:20. This do, i.e. —This, with the analogy of the head of the family at the passover, implies that an administrator of the elements, who would be an apostle or presbyter, is one of the essentials to a proper communion. But Romanists do not hold to a transubstantiation of the cup, but only of the wine. You see bread — nothing more — but you learn that it is a symbol (690) of Christ’s body. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me." But if the words are to be taken literally, they necessitated the belief of the one as well as of the other. It is a memorial of the salvation that He accomplished by His death and resurrection. This Supper is without question one of the greatest memorials ever erected. The former were probably inserted so as to produce a verbal identity with St. Matthew’s account, and the word “broken” possibly as explanatory. I use the common form of expression, but my meaning is, that our souls are nourished by the substance of the body, that we may truly be made one with him, or, what amounts to the same thing, that a life-giving virtue from Christ’s flesh is poured into us by the Spirit, though it is at a great distance from us, and is not mixed with us. Here Paul expressed the every Sunday practice of the Lord's Supper with a present tense verb ("do"). All, I think, will allow that it is for the same reason that John calls the Holy Spirit a dove (John 1:32.) The bread was to be taken and eaten. Matthew adds “and gave it to the disciples.”. From the utter subversion of all the rules of evidence and laws of belief necessarily involved in the assumption that the bread in the Lord's supper is literally the crucified body of Christ. In remembrance of me—With the Christian individual this remembrance appeals to the heart, touching his feelings with thoughts of Him who spake these words to his own soul—the dying Jesus. The Greek word eucharisteo, "to give thanks," accounts for the fact that another name for the Lord"s Supper is the Eucharist. See Acts 27:35. remembrance of Me = My memorial. Accordingly, when there is not a table in common prepared for all the pious — where they are not invited to the breaking of bread in common, and where, in fine, believers do not mutually participate, it is to no purpose that the name of the Lord ’s Supper is laid claim to. We must now proceed farther, and inquire as to the reason of the metonymy. 2. The proper inference from this diversity is, that the words were uttered by our Lord; but as the ideas which they express were sufficiently indicated by the gesture of reaching the bread to his disciples, they were omitted by some of the narrators as unnecessary. The bread and wine really become the physical body and blood of Christ. anamnesis. Philosophers and anthropologists have long debated over what makes human beings different from other creatures. Some visit a grave site to help them remember loved ones who have died. When some correspondence finally arrived, he practically ripped it open. 19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. poculum, quod in vestram salutem effunditur, not in remembrance of the deliverance from Egypt, ἐγὼ γὰρ παρέλαβον ἀπὸ τοῦ κυρίοÏ, And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gays unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. this cup is the new covenant by means of my blood, i.e. This is what Paul means by its being broken This, however, is the second clause of the promise, which ought not to be passed over slightly. “In the meantime, however, drive away gross imaginations, which would keep thee from looking beyond the bread. Here Jesus is celebrating Passover. In Luke it is, given for you. The bread and wine really become the physical body and blood of Christ. This is my body I shall not recount the unhappy contests that have tried the Church in our times as to the meaning of these words. It reminds us to examine ourselves (verse29). In Matthew 26:28 it is said, "this (cup) is my blood." (686) Hence it is regarded by me as beyond all controversy, that the reality is here conjoined with the sign; or, in other words, that we do not less truly become participants in Christ’s body in respect of spiritual efficacy, than we partake of the bread. For more information on why the Lord's Supper is to be observed every Sunday, see the introductory comments on10:16, the commentary on10:16a, and the commentary on11:20b. Both the doctrine of the Papists, and that of the Lutherans, therefore, [on this head,] ought to be rejected, as implying an evident falsehood; namely, that Christ’s body, at the time he spake, was broken, or put to death.” In other passages of Scripture, we frequently find expressions perfectly similar to, this is my body, as is proved in the note on Matthew 26:26, which see. Take—This, with the analogy of the head of the family at the passover, implies that an administrator of the elements, who would be an apostle or presbyter, is one of the essentials to a proper communion. In contrast to the preceding views this one does not see Christ present in any special sense in the elements. Many animals use tools. The words uttered by our blessed Lord at this moment are differently reported by the different evangelists. Luke 22:19, 1 Corinthians 11:23-25, 1 Corinthians 11:23-27. Hence the bread is Christ ’s body, because it assuredly testifies, that the body which it represents is held forth to us, or because the Lord, by holding out to us that symbol, gives us at the same time his own body; for Christ is not a deceiver, to mock us with empty representations. The Holy Ghost appeared under the form of a dove, which was the pledge of his presence. "This is my body." There have been various interpretations of what Jesus meant when He said, "This is my body." it is manifest that their boasting is vain. (Barclay p. 115). For as to his communicating himself to us, that is effected through the secret virtue of his Holy Spirit, which can not merely bring together, but join in one, things that are separated by distance of place, and far remote. He expressed appreciation for it). The word "remembrance" (anamnesis) may be understood as "recollection" (Thayer, p40). (675). Greek. We aren't different because we organize into societies. Communion In Remembrance of Me SermonCentral. If there be one here who is burdened with the consciousness of sin, who hears the voice which is saying to us now, “This do in remembrance of Me,” speaking to him in sorrow because of his faithlessness, let him be warned and recalled to a better spirit, and truer life; and he will find that that voice will change its tone of sorrow and reproach for one of encouragement and consolation, that will say, “Abide in Me, … Hence, too, we infer that Christ’s promise is no more applicable to the mass than to the feast of the Salii; (679) for when Christ promises that he will give us his body, he at the same time commands us to take and eat of the bread Hence, unless we obey this command, it is to no purpose that we glory in his promise. And said. Today most of the churches from the Anabaptist branch of Protestantism (i.e, Baptists, Methodists, independent Bible churches, et al.) Because Jesus died for us, He has every right to have us observe the Communion once a week, on His day, in remembrance of Him. This statement also implies that Jesus expected His disciples to partake on a regular basis. They mean the elements minister grace to the participant in a more direct and physical way than those who speak of it as an "ordinance," assuming they are using these terms properly. The Lord"s Supper is not just something Christians do to bring the memory of Jesus back into fresh view, though it does that too. As in all such identifications, he means "this signifies/represents my body." Should any one ask them whether they adore the bread, or the appearance of it, they will confidently agree that they do not, but, in the mean time, when about to adore Christ, they turn to the bread. Jesus broke bread and shared wine with his disciples and asked them to do the same after his death. In fine, if we would have reality in the thing itself, there must be no deception in the sign. Probably the history of the world does not furnish a parallel to the controversies occasioned by these simple words. Christ is "really" present, though not physically present, in this Lutheran view. It is the commemoration of his death, not as a teacher, or a benefactor, but as a sacrifice; so that if this idea be kept out of view the sacrament loses all its significance and power. In Classical Greek remembrance was "used to signify past events that may have been forgotten or pushed to the back of one's mind and are now brought to … They believe this is true when duly authorized representatives of the church conduct the service properly. I shall state, first of all, sincerely and without disguise, and then farther, I shall state freely (as I am wont to do) what my views are. We must now discuss the manner. We live under a New Testament that is sealed with Jesus' blood ( Luke 22:20). There are four main views. There are several lines of evidence that fasten the belief to the historical Christ, the existence of which cannot be accounted for except upon the truth of the New Testament history. that I may be remembered as he who died for your sins. Papists hold forth to us their system of transubstantiation: they allege that, when the act of consecration has been gone through, the substance of the bread no longer exists, and that nothing remains but the accidents. См. First, remembering what Jesus did suggests that those who come to worship should know what the Lord's Supper represents (it may be useful to describe this part of the worship before the bread and the fruit of the vine are distributed). Exodus 13:3; Exodus 20:8; Deuteronomy 5:15; Deuteronomy 7:18; et al.). The Schoolmen dispute with more refinement as to his glorious body. Bruce p. 111). This is the transubstantiation view. Since a dead savior cannot save us, the Supper reminds us of the resurrection. That they must have this meaning, would seem to be plain. The breaking is incidental" (Lenski, First Corinthians, p465). He knew his sins were many and he was overwhelmed at God's willingness to extend forgiveness to him. (687) To this contrivance we oppose — not merely the plain words of Scripture, but the very nature of the sacraments. He who in faith receives the cup, receives the covenant of which it was the pledge; and he who receives in faith in the bread receives the benefits of Christ's body as broken for sin. Yet it must be noted that this epistle and this passage may have been written before the gospel of Luke. Broken for you. Leave to Christ the true nature of flesh, and do not, by a mistaken apprehension, extend his body over heaven and earth: do not divide him into different parts by thy fancies, and do not adore him in this place and that, according to thy carnal apprehension. My body, which is broken for you - "given" (Luke 22:19) for [ huper (Greek #5228)] you (in your behalf), and "broken," to be distributed among you. The Lord's Supper reminds us that we are owned by Jesus ( Romans 6:13). Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.” For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes. Paul observes elsewhere, that every gift that we receive from the hand of God, is sanctified to us by the word and prayer. Do this in remembrance of me.” (Lk. Therefore we take these words as symbolic (see, The Holy Meal (Lord’s Supper) is a living memorial to, We should also think of it as a “fellowship meal WITH CHRIST” in much the same sense as the meal of, This and the following verse have so many phrases identical with. If any are of a different opinion they will forgive me; but it appears to me to be an evidence of a contentious spirit, to dispute pertinaciously on this point. 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