‘Republic’ in consent to our constitution means _______ . After passing of the Resolution, an Advisory Committee and various other committees were formed by the Constituent Assembly. (ii) The Constitution was enforced on 26th January, 1950. After two years of discussion and debate, they came out with one of the finest constitutions the world has ever had. He was born in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Online Test of Chapter 3 Constitutional Design Test 1 Civics (Social Science S.St)| Class 9th 1. Answer: The Assembly also had many members who did not agree with the Congress. What did Ambedkar mean by ‘contradictions’ in his concluding speech to the Constituent Assembly? It is a Republic, because the Head of the State in India, namely, the President, is elected for five years by the r members of the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies. The ideals written in the Preamble of the Constitution are as under : Question 5. Ambedkar. It was also a struggle to rejuvenate our country, and to transform our society and politics. Ambedkar prepared a draft constitution for discussion. When the Constitution was being written, the future of the country did not look as secure as it does today. CBSE Class 9 Civics Worksheet - Constitutional Design - Practice worksheets for CBSE students.Prepared by teachers of the best CBSE schools in India. (ii) Socialist: Wealth is generated socially and should be shared equally by society. Rights and Duties: It lays down the limits on the powers of the government and tells us what the rights of the citizens are. 4]Q8I Or All the solutions of Constitutional Design - Civics explained in detail by experts to help students prepare for their CBSE exams. Republic, because the head of the state i.e., the President is an elected person, and it is not a hereditary position. How was it oppressive for the blacks? The Preamble speaks of equality of status and opportunity Equality of status means all are equal in the eyes of law and all have equal protection of law. Question 3. Solution: In social and economic life, by reason of social and economic structure one must continue to deny the principle of one man one value. Question 2. The making of the constitution for a huge and diverse country like India was not an easy affair. When was the new national flag of the Republic of South Africa hoisted for the first time? Question 14. Question 28. (ii) SOVEREIGN: People have supreme right to make decisions on internal as well as external matters. The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress, the party that led India’s freedom struggle. These changes are called constitutional amendments. Then, a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. Motilal Nehru, Question 12. What do you mean by Constitutional amendments? opportunities”. 9 Constitutional Design 9 Specific Hazards and Mitigation 2 Physical Features of India 11 Electoral Politics 8 Working of Institutions 8 Democratic Rights 8 India - Size and Location 11 Climate 9 Sports 8 Clothing: A Social History 8 Drainage 11 Food Security 8 9 After two years of discussion and debate leaders of South Africa came out with one of the finest Constitutions the world has ever had. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics. The government is run according to some basic rules. Question 4. Ambedkar, prepared a ‘Draft Constitution’ for discussion. Which type of tactics did the white racist government of South Africa use to continue to rule? They did not see it as a sacred, static and unalterable law. The important set of questions and answers of CBSE Class 9 Civics are given here. (ii) Socialist, (b) Sarojini Naidu was born in the year 1879 and died in the year 1949. The Constitution does not reflect the views of its members alone. The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. Question 20. Apartheid, Question 2. Nelson Mandela spent 28 years in South Africa’s most dreaded prison, Robben Island. These are used to interpret the meaning of the Constitution. (iii) Why was this date chosen? Trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals, schools and colleges, libraries, cinema halls, theatres, beaches, swimming pools, public toilets, were all separate for the whites and blacks. Question 5. All such rules together are called constitution. (Any three). What do you mean by political equality? Government should work for the welfare of all, especially of the disadvantaged groups. Apartheid is the name of a system of social discriminatio’n unique to South Africa. Problems existed because both the black majority and the white minority had their own fears and anxieties. Describe main features of Indian Constitution. Major shortcomings of the constitution can be removed. “Indian Constitution is both rigid and flexible.” Explain. The white Europeans imposed this system on South Africa. Or And Long Type Questions. What was Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to the Constitution of Indian? They made up about three fourth of the population. Both the movements were fighting against the whites of Europe who had come to these countries as trading companies. All the proceedings and discussions in the Constituent Assembly have been recorded and preserved as what we call the ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. Nehru on the eve of Independence Day is known as _______ . Men and women are treated equally. This online test is based on multiple choice questions for all competitive exams and GK quiz. ADVERTISEMENTS: 7 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) on Constitutional Design of India Related posts: 11 Short Questions and Answers on Constitution of India 6 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) on Electoral Politics Multiple Choice Questions and Answers on Money and Credit 10 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) on Geography of India 15 Multiple Choice Questions and Answers … Answer: Answer: On the social platform, the Assembly was represented by members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations. The native people of South Africa who were black skinned were called ‘blacks’. Vedantu quickly provides online constitutional design Class 9 NCERT solutions Chapter 3, in fact, NCERT solutions for Class 9 SST constitutional design to help the students learn the concept. to prepare for exams in Class 9 . Soon after the country was divided into India and Pakistan. (vi) Equality, Democratic—People have political equality. Although Mahatma Gandhi was not a member of the Constituent Assembly, there were many members who followed his vision. The oppressor and the oppressed in this new democracy were planning to live together as equals. Blacks could not form associations or protest against the terrible treatment. Question 1. Ambedkar, and K.M. What is its importance? (a) Jawaharlal Nehru was born in the year 1889 and died in the year 1964. The apartheid government came to an end, paving way for the formation of a multi-racial government. Answer: Solution: The Indian Constitution is neither wholly rigid nor wholly flexible. Why should we accept the Constitution made by the Assembly more than fifty years ago? Question 9. Indian Constitution Important Questions Free Online Test with Answers Very useful for all Competitive The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. Categorise the responses that emerged in Europe after the French Revolution. The traditional social inequalities must be ended. Indian Polity Questions and Answers. “The Constituent Assembly was the representative body of the people of India.” Explain with examples. (ii) When was it enforced?. Answer: Question 10. (iii) In December, 1929, the Congress in its Lahore Session had decided to fight for Poorna Swaraj or Complete Independence, and 26th January, 1930 was celebrated as the Independence Day, since then. CBSE Guide of All Chapters given in the Book. Question 1. No external power can dictate the government of India. Apartheid was the name of a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa. Together, they decided that in the search for a solution to the problems, nobody should be excluded, no one should be treated as a demon. People of mixed races who were called ‘coloured’. Several rounds of thorough discussion took place on the Draft Constitution, clause by clause. Answer: At that time, future of the country did not look very secure. What is apartheid? This study enabled the makers of the Constitution to select the best provisions from different sources but on our own terms. Answer: Question 5. When did South Africa become a democratic country? People have the supreme right to make decisions, Question 8. The Constitution of India lays down certain Basic Features or the Basic Structure, which cannot be amended, altered or modified by any legitimate authority in India. Every document presented and every word spoken in the Constituent Assembly was recorded and preserved. (ii) Who was its President? India is Sovereign, as it is independent of any foreign control. (vii) Fraternity: All of us should behave as if we are members of the same family. Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship among people living in a territory (called citizens) and also the relationship between the people and government. The Constituent Assembly was elected mainly by the members of the existing Provincial Legislatures. What was the main contribution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel just after independence? The values that inspired and guided the freedom struggle and were, in turn, nurtured by it, formed the foundation for India’s democracy. He wanted India where there could be no room for the curse of untouchability. 1950, Question 13. They had also studied the various Acts passed by the British Government and the iesoiiK.ons adopted by the Congress Party. Question 23. Answer: Question 10. Who was the President of Constituent Assembly? The African National Congress (ANC) was the first organisation that led the struggle against Apartheid. Ultimately both agreed to compromise. That is, there are some rules that can be amended by a simple majority while some need two-third majority. The Constitution declares India to be a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic. This is because the rulers could not misuse their powers. In social terms too, the Assembly represented members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations. Who was the Chairmen of the drafting committee of Indian Constitution, social revolutionary, thinker and agitator against caste divisions? So, they made provisions to incorporate changes from time to time. Study these solutions when you are preparing for the Social Science Exam. He was born in Maharashtra. He was a Social revolutionary thinker and agitated against caste divisions and caste based inequalities. There are certain basic rules that the citizens and the government have to follow. The Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26 November 1949 but it came into effect on 26 January _______ . The Constitution also offers equality of opportunity in matters relating to appointment under two states (Article 16). Trust and Co-ordination: It generates a degree of trust and co-ordination that is necessary for different kinds of people to live together. Vedantu provides you with a competitive edge by providing step-by-step answers to all the questions provided in the book of NCERT Social Science Democratic Politics. In 1928, who along with eight other congress leaders? It has provisions to incorporate changes from time-to-time. Learn MCQs of Constitutional Design. Several rounds of thorough discussions took place on the Draft Constitution clause by clause. Preamble, Question 5. Answer: (v) Liberty, Answer: What compromises did the blacks and white make? ” We, the people of India having solemnly resolved to constitute India into SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and secure to all its citizens justice, social, economic and political. These are some of the basic questions asked in Chapter 2 of CBSE Class 9 Political Science. Leaders of the freedom movement were clear that their country should be _______ . Then a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. At the midnight of 26 April, 1994. Write a short note on the first Constituent assembly. What do we call a state where head of the state is an elected and not a hereditary person? Women would enjoy the same rights as men. Question 7. The South African Constitution sees people of all skin colours as equal. What is meant by the term ‘Preamble’? Equality of statue and of opportunity and to promote among them all fraternity, assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation, in our constitutional assembly, this 26th day of November.1949, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution.”. Study notes and study material for Political Science Chapter 3 Constitutional Design. The government would work for the welfare of poor and oppressed so that social inequalities could Solution: They could work in white areas only if they had a permit. Answer: Answer: Non-whites did not have right to vote. The Indian Constitution lays down a procedure for choosing persons to govern the country. Answer: The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress but with leaders having different opinions. The responses that emerged in Europe after the French Revolution can be categorised as Indian Constitution Quiz. (viii) Justice: Citizens cannot be discriminated on the grounds of caste, religion and gender. How has the Indian Constitution embodied the basic values into its instutional arrangements? Salient Features: Question 8. India is a major democratic country and has a long and detailed Constitution. The people of South Africa have of agreed that everybody should become a part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. These debates provide the rationale behind every provision of the Constitution. Name the South Africa leader who opposed ‘ Democratic Republic’ is a form of government where people enjoy equal political rights, elect their rulers and hold them accountable. Question 22. Answer: Assess the Constitution made by the Constitution Assembly to form the Indian Constitution? Racial discrimination, Question 17. Why was the making of the Indian Constitution not an easy affair? Question 30. Question 24. They agreed that everybody should become part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. (iii) Secular: Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. Question 12. How many years of his life, Nelson Mandela spent in Jail? Why is the Preamble called the soul of the Indian Constitution? In India, it is called the Parliament or “Sansad”. Answer: The South African constitution inspires democrats all over the world in the following ways. British Rule and the Legislative Institutions: The experience gained by Indians in the working of the legislative institutions proved to be very useful for the country in setting up its own institutions. The members considered carefully and debated all the clauses for 114 days, spread over nearly three years. When a Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect it called a secular government. Like South Africa, India’s Constitution was also drawn up under very difficult circumstances. Violence would have erupted in South Africa. The second reason for accepting the Constitution is that the Constituent Assembly represented the people of India. Name the organisation who launched protest marches and strikes against the policies of segregation. What were its implications? NCERT Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 Extra Questions and Answers Constitutional Design SOLVED QUESTION BANK Very Short Answer Type Questions [1 Mark] Question 1. Or mention the landmark years in South Africa ’ s most dreaded prison, Robben Island Congress included a of. Guide all the clauses for 114 days spread over three years discussions took place on the basis religious. 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