Archery Contests are held in other towns as well. Thanks to Frankish support a new polity came into being in central Italy: the Papal States, land under papal control. 4. Although it's not a top festival, it's a typical festival with a medieval procession, flag throwers, and fireworks. He also claimed the imperial crown. April 5, 2018. Historical events - Italy. What are some historical events from Italy? Think of Italy and the country’s rich history is bound to come to mind. From now on the empire slowly contracted. Regatta of the Ancient Maritime Republics. Ash and other debris fell on the city from midday, burying it and some of its population, while pyroclastic flows and more falling debris increased the covering over the next few days to over six 20 feet (6 meters) deep. Source: Link. The Marsic War ends in a Roman military victory, though the … Culture Club / Hulton Archive / Getty Images. 10 The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution maintains a period of huge economic, technological, social as well as cultural change which influenced humans that it’s often evaluated to the alteration from hunter-gathering to farming. Effective family research requires some understanding of the historical events that may have affected your family and the records about them. 10 Gladiator Museum, Santa Maria Capua Vetere. France was driven out of Italy but factions continued to fight, and the war moved to other areas in Europe. Much of Italy was ravaged in the conflict, causing damage later critics would accuse the Germans of when the Empire fell. 2018 Calendar of Holidays & Events in Italy January in Italy. Italian forces liberate Rome. The most notable victory was perhaps won by an alliance of cities called the Lombard League at Legnano in 1167. 1871 - Most of Italy including Rome is now united as one kingdom. In two campaigns, in 951 and 961, German king Otto I invaded and conquered the north and much of the middle of Italy; consequently, he was crowned King of Italy. You can, too, if you know what events take place each month. Top 10 Most Influential Historical Events: Gutenberg’s Printing Press (15th Century) ... Then, the Renaissance began in Italy where they began to rediscover and spread classical ideas such as the old Greek idea of the scientific method. The sole survivor of the civil wars, Octavian was able to accrue great power and have himself declared “Augustus.” He ruled as the first emperor of Rome. Robert Wilde is a historian who writes about European history. He was replaced with a Republic governed by two elected consuls. A series of revolutions broke loose in Italy in early 1848, prompting many states to implement new constitutions, including the constitutional monarchy of Piedmont/Sardinia. Many of the old rulers were restored after Napoleon’s defeat in 1814, but the Congress of Vienna, which redrew Italy yet again, ensured Austrian domination. Mussolini, a pre-war firebrand, rose to their head, supported by industrialists and landowners who saw fascists as a short-term answer to the socialists. Antiquity, renaissance, modernity… century after century, Italy has left its undeniable marks on western culture. 0951-09-23 Otto I the Great becomes king of Italy 1004-05-15 Henry II the Saint crowned King of Italy 1026-03-23 Conrad II crowns himself King of Italy 1071-04-16 Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy Venice won, banishing Genoa from the area, and carried on collecting a large overseas trading empire. Northern Italy industrializes. 1877. A final settlement only took place with the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis in 1559. The wars concluded with each state and tribe converted into "subordinate allies," owing troops and support to Rome, but no (financial) tributes and some autonomy. The expansion caused great consternation among rival cities in Italy, especially Venice and Florence, who fought back, attacking Milanese possessions. The strains and failures of war pushed Italian cohesion to the limit, and socialists were blamed for many problems. Siena's 17 contrade, or neighborhoods, compete to win the Palio. In 1831 Guiseppe Mazzini founded Young Italy, a group dedicated to throwing out Austrian influence and the patchwork of Italian rulers and creating a single, united state. Giacomo Matteotti Assasinated When Matteoti was assasinated Italy changed forever. With 53 UNESCO Heritage sites including some mind-blowing historical landmarks, Italy has surpassed the other nations. At the same time, the city-states of Italy morphed into regional states. Many Italian festivals are based on historical events and can include processions with people dressed in period costume, contests between neighborhoods of the town, flag-throwers, food, and fireworks. Charles Phelps Cushing/ClassicStock/Getty Images. Although Italy was allied with Germany and Austria-Hungary, the nature of their entry into the war allowed Italy to remain neutral until worries about missing out on gains, and the secret Treaty of London with Russia, France, and Britain, took Italy into the war, opening a new front. The Napoleonic states had helped the idea of a modern, united Italy coalesce. The Madonna Bruna festival, on July 2 in Matera, is one of the most interesting processions we've ever seen. A constituent assembly was voted in and this decided upon the nature of the new republic; the new constitution came into effect on January 1st,1948 and elections were held for parliament. Some are sudden and unseen, some planned and manipulated, but certain historical events have a long-lasting impact on the entire world. Although the republics which followed Napoleon collapsed when France withdrew troops in 1799, Napoleon’s victories in 1800 allowed him to redraw the map of Italy many times, creating states for his family and staff to rule, including a kingdom of Italy. - January 1 1948, The Italian republic constitution was approved. 1915 – Italy Joins Allies During World War I 1922 – Mussolini Forms Government 1929 – Lateran Treaty Creates Vatican City 1935 – Italy Invades Ethiopia, Subsequently banned from League of Nations. - 1950's, Italy became a member of NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and made an agreement with the United States. First enemies, then allies, then enemies again, Anthony was defeated by Octavian’s close friend Agrippa in 30 BCE and committed suicide along with his lover and Egyptian leader Cleopatra. Ascoli Piceno holds a medieval jousting tournament, la Quintana, on the first Sunday in August. Rome was sacked again in 455 by the Vandals. Discover the best Historic sites in Italy, from Ostia Antica to The Trevi Fountain and more, includes an interactive map of Italian cultural places, landmarks and monuments. About 500 BCE—the date is traditionally given as 509 BCE—the city of Rome expelled the last of a line of, possibly Etruscan, kings: Tarquinius Superbus. Where to Go in Italy: Planning your trip to Italy will be a lot easier with our pages that guide you to its top-rated tourist attractions and point out the best places to visit in Italy. In 1943, with the tide of war turning, the king had Mussolini arrested, but Germany invaded, rescued Mussolini and set up a puppet fascist Republic of Salò in the north. It gives you an idea of what a typical festival looks like in southern Italy. Between 264 and 146, Rome fought three "Punic" wars against Carthage, during which Hannibal’s troops occupied Italy. When James II ascended to the Aragonese throne he made peace, but his brother carried on the struggle and won the throne in 1302 with the Peace of Caltabellotta. Summer is the height of the festival season, as you travel in Italy, look for posters advertising a festa or sagra. As Imperial dominance of north Italy declined and rights and powers trickled down to the cities, a number of great city-states emerged, some with powerful fleets, their fortunes made in trade or manufacturing, and only nominal imperial control. In History. Italy has been ranking in the top 5 countries that sits in the heart of visitors. But ancient history gives a far fuller picture of what happened in Italian history. Our blog section is dedicated to food and travel related news & press releases as well as interviews with people we have met during our own tours and invites.. We have divided the section into 5 under the themes of Press, Cibo, Talk to the Chef, Lifestyle and Made in Italy.. July Festivals, Music, and Events in Italy, Visiting Italy in May? Social War (91–88 BC): The Roman clients in Italy the Marsi, the Paeligni, the Vestini, the Marrucini, the Picentes, the Fretani, the Hirpini, the Iapyges, Pompeii, Venosa, Lucania and Samnium rebelled against Rome. Throughout this period Rome fought a series of wars against other peoples and states in Italy, including hill tribes, the Etruscans, the Greeks and the Latin League, which ended with Roman dominion over the whole of peninsular Italy (the boot shape piece of land which sticks out from the continent.) Two of the most prolonged conflicts of the 1400s finished in the middle of the century: in north Italy, the Peace of Lodi was signed after wars between the rival cities and states, with the leading powers—Venice, Milan, Florence, Naples, and the Papal States—agreeing to honor each other’s current borders; several decades of peace followed. - On June 2 1946, was the first time in Italy that Italian women were allowed to vote. Opposition to the central government led by Mussolini was crushed in 1923. This led to him being crowned King of Italy by a new Italian parliament on March 17, 1861. Along with the invention of the printing press, books and writing became more common. Italy entered World War 2 in 1940 on the German side, unprepared but determined to gain something from a swift Nazi victory. In 91 BCE tensions between Rome and its allies in Italy, who wanted a more equitable division of the new wealth, titles and power, erupted when many of the allies rose in revolt, forming a new state. Fifty years of war followed. France sent troops to restore the Pope and crush a newly declared Roman Republic partly ruled by Mazzini; a soldier called Garibaldi became famous for Rome’s defense and the revolutionary’s retreat. 88 BC. King Victor Emmanuel III abdicated in 1946 and was replaced briefly by his son, but a referendum that same year voted to abolish the monarchy by 12 million votes to 10, the south voting largely for the king and the north for the republic. Charity rescue ship with 265 migrants anchors off Italy. News. Europe, Italy. 5. San Biagio Day might not be one of Italy's biggest festivals, but it's celebrated several places in Italy. The development of these states, cities such as Venice and Genoa who now controlled the land around them—and often elsewhere—was won in two series of wars with the emperors: 1154–1183 and 1226–1250. In the 1260s Charles of Anjou, younger brother of the French king, was invited by the Pope to conquer the Kingdom of Sicily from an illegitimate Hohenstaufen child. This was a period of great artistic achievement, mostly in urban areas and facilitated by the wealth of the church and the great Italian cities, which both harked back to and was influenced by the ideals and examples of ancient Roman and Greek culture. The festival location rotates each year. The leaning tower is, in fact, the city cathedral’s bell tower and there are 294 steps to climb to the top. Warfare between the two camps was frequent. The horse race takes place in both July and August with other events taking place prior to the races. Viareggio, on the coast of Tuscany, is known for its elaborate floats, and parades are held on several weekends. Here is brief information on events of historical importance and their effect on the world. A comprehensive guide to the world’s best travel destinations, its print heritage stretches back more than 30 years, with the online portal reaching its 20-year anniversary in 2019. The most popular month for these tours is May, which has the most tour departures. Italy’s cultural events and festivals celebrate saint’s feast days, film festivals, seasonal foods, dramatic opera, ballet and the recently instituted Notte Bianca, a city-wide celebration that’s a great excuse to stay up all night. The Palio of Siena is one of Italy's most famous Palio competitions. / Getty Images, Top 10 Things to Know About the Aztecs and Their Empire, A Brief Look at Italy's History of Division, Biography of Frederick I Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor, The Lombards: A Germanic Tribe in Northern Italy, The Origin and Decline of the Papal States, Industry and Agriculture History in Europe, Etruscan Civilization at its Height 7–6th Centuries BCE, Wars for the Domination of Italy 509–265 BCE, Rome Creates an Empire 3rd–2nd Century BCE, The Second Civil War and the rise of Julius Caesar 49–45 BCE, The Rise of Octavian and the Roman Empire 44–27 BCE, The Roman Empire Reaches its Height 200 CE, Odoacer Deposes Last Western Roman Emperor 476 CE, Italy Fragments, Great Trading Cities Start to Develop 8–9th Centuries, Peace of Lodi 1454 / Victory of Aragon 1442, M.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University, B.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University. Compulsory primary education is introduced in Italy. Rome became the dominant power in the Mediterranean, with Italy the core of a huge empire. Ostrogoth propaganda portrays themselves as people who were there to defend and preserve Italy, and Theodoric’s reign was marked by the mixture of Roman and German traditions. We take a look back over the events that shaped Italy this year. Carnevale usually falls in February. Rome now turned away from Etruscan influence and became a dominant member of the Latin League of cities. Rome is made the capital of the Kingdom of Italy. The disfida is an archery contest amongst the neighborhoods of Fivizzano in the Lunigiana of northern Tuscany, held in July. 1893-1896. In 1508 an alliance formed between the Pope Julius II, the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, the kings of France and Aragon and several Italian cities to attack and dismember Venice’s possessions in Italy, the city-state now ruling a large empire. Top 10 Historical Hotspots in Italy. January 13, 2017. 1861 - The Kingdom of Italy is established. The Franks had become involved in Italy a generation earlier when the Pope had sought their assistance, and in 773–774 Charlemagne, king of a newly united Frankish realm, crossed over and conquered the Kingdom of Lombardy in northern Italy; he was later crowned by the Pope as Emperor. Top 10 Important Events in the History of Ancient Rome (BC) Last updated: November 20, 2019 by Saugat Adhikari According to legend, Rome was founded in 753 BC by Romulus and Remus and eventually became the largest empire of the ancient era with a population of 50 to 80 million. This was to be il Risorgimento, the "Resurrection/ Resurgence." When the war was over in 1918 Italy walked out of the peace conference over their treatment by the allies, and there was anger at what was considered a deficient settlement. King Peter III of Aragon duly invaded, and war broke out between an alliance of French, Papal and Italian forces versus Aragon and other Italian forces. In October 1922, after a threatened march on Rome by Mussolini and black-shirted fascists, the king gave into pressure and asked Mussolini to form a government. These places are known to have very rich history and have got a prestigious space in the history of Italy. Modern archaeologists have been able to learn a great deal about life in Roman Pompeii from the evidence found suddenly locked away beneath the ash. In 1701 Western Europe went to war over the right of a French Bourbon to inherit the Spanish throne in the War of the Spanish Succession. The Renaissance, in turn, influenced the patterns of politics and thought. There were battles in Italy and the region became a prize to be fought over. After several days of negotiations, they broke in and sacked the city, the first time foreign invaders had looted Rome since the Celts 800 years earlier. Fifty years of shifting control were ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, which concluded a different war entirely but transferred some Italian possessions and ushered in 50 years of relative peace. A "barbarian" who had risen to commander of the imperial forces, Odoacer deposed Emperor Romulus Augustulus in 476 and ruled instead as King of the Germans in Italy. Venice has one of the top carnival festivals in the world, but Carnevale is celebrated in many Italian towns. 1870. Have a look at this list of the top 10 events in the European history. The World Travel Guide (WTG) is the flagship digital consumer brand within the Columbus Travel Media portfolio. Going to a music festival or outdoor concert during summer can be a highlight of a trip to Italy. There are 235 tours to choose from, that range in length from 3 days up to 29 days. Taking place in July, this exciting horse race commemorates Constantine's victory at the Mulvian Bridge in 312. The eruptions of Mount Vesuvius destroyed the great city which was once home to more than 10,000 people and today it has become a historical landmark. Carnevale events often occur prior to the actual Carnival date, too. In addition to fighting the Punic Wars, Rome battled against other powers, subduing large parts of Spain, Transalpine Gaul (the strip of land which connected Italy to Spain), Macedonia, the Greek states, the Seleucid kingdom and the Po Valley in Italy itself (two campaigns against the Celts, 222, 197–190). For more inspiration, discover our Italy vacation deals. In an attempt to secure peace and not alienate the defeated, Rome expanded its definition of citizenship to include all of Italy south of the Po, allowing people there a direct route to Roman offices, and speeding up a process of “Romanization,” whereby the rest of Italy came to adopt Roman culture. 0069-04-15 Battle at Bedriacum, North-Italy; 0394-09-06 Battle of Frigidus North-Italy; 0452-06-08 Italy invaded by Attila the Hun; 0493-03-15 Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy; 0554-08-14 Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantines milt Governor in Italy; 0876-01-31 Charles becomes King of Italy; 0951-09-23 Otto I the Great becomes King of Italy A highlight of the festival is the procession prior to the tournament with people dressed in medieval costume. Gaspar van Wittel/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. On the other hand, some students may be surprised to learn that Italy is a young country. Violent groups of fascists, often ex-soldiers and students, formed in post-war Italy, partly in response to the growing success of socialism and the weak central government. Italy has a lot of beautiful and historic places to visit and the history of Italy is as interesting as all the chapters of European history. Odoacer was careful to bow to the authority of the Eastern Roman emperor and there was great continuity under his rule, but Augustulus was the last of the Roman emperors in the west and this date is often marked as the fall of the Roman Empire. The Empire would continue to grow until the end of second century CE. He duly did so, but French rule proved unpopular and in 1282 a violent rebellion broke out and the king of Aragon was invited to rule the island. His death supressed socalists, and eventually led to Italy becoming a Facist State in 1929. He had himself declared dictator for life (not emperor), but was assassinated in 44 BCE by senators fearing a monarchy. In 493 Theodoric, leader of the Ostrogoths, defeated and killed Odoacer, taking his place as the ruler of Italy, which he held until his death in 526. In 568, a scant few years after the Byzantine reconquest had finished, a new German group entered Italy: the Lombards. The decisive conflict in the mercantile rivalry between Venice and Genoa occurred between 1378 and 1381 when the two fought over the Adriatic sea. Siena's Palio is a horse race run in the unusual fan-shaped piazza, Il Campo. The procession has a surprise ending, and, late at night before heading to your cave hotel, there's a spectacular fireworks display over the Sassi of Matera. In 1494 Charles VIII of France invaded Italy for two reasons: to assist a claimant to Milan (which Charles also had a claim on) and to pursue a French claim on the Kingdom of Naples. Rome countered, first by making concessions to states with close ties like Etruria, and then defeating the rest militarily. Before the regatta, there's a colorful procession with participants from each republic dressed in traditional medieval costume. This port close to the Slovenian border is a contender for the most underrated city in Italy. Jun 10, 1924. Pompeii. After a period of conquest, in which Rome was rarely threatened at more than one border at once, the Roman Empire reached its greatest territorial extent around 200 CE, covering much of western and southern Europe, northern Africa and parts of the near east. It's a really beautiful sight. The Italians join the Prussians in a war with Austria. Highly influential, Young Italy influenced numerous attempted revolutions and caused a reshaping of the mental landscape. A loose union of city-states spreading out from the center of Italy, the Etruscans—who were probably a group of aristocrats ruling over the "native" Italians—reached their height in the sixth and seventh centuries CE, with a culture blending Italian, Greek and Near Eastern influences alongside wealth gained from trading in the Mediterranean. Francesco Crispi is prime minister of Italy. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Culture Club / Hulton Archive / Getty Images, Print Collector/Getty Images / Getty Images, Heritage Images/Getty Images / Getty Images, Nik Wheeler/Contributor/Corbis Historical via Getty Images, Emergence of the Great Cities 12–13th Centuries, Fototeca Storica Nazionale. However, Italian operations went badly wrong and had to be propped up by German forces. Find a Historical trip that explores Italy. In the south, a struggle over the Kingdom of Naples was won by Alfonso V of Aragon, a patron of the Borgia family. Enter of WW2 Mussolini felt the war would soon end and led Italy into war Period: Sep 1, 1940 to Sep 30, 1940. 1 – New Year’s Day [Capodanno]* 6 – Epiphany [Epifania]* 7 – Flag Day [Festa del Tricolore]* 27 – International Holocaust Remembrance Day [Giorno della Memoria]* Jan 27-Feb 13 – Venice Carnival [Carnevale] Jan-Feb – Winter Sales Season (the dates vary by region and city) February in Italy 2016 has been a tumultuous year in Italy, with ongoing worries such as the migrant crisis and economic woes, coupled with sudden earthquakes and political turmoil. The Regatta of the Ancient Maritime Republics is a historic boat race in boats called gozzi, each rowed by a team of eight rowers from one of the four maritime republics: Amalfi, Genoa, Pisa, and Venice. It's really more than a race, and it has an interesting spiritual twist. Besides watching the races, the large array of food stands makes it a great festival for eating. Top Ten Events: Italy Timeline created by Brytney98. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The Gladiator Museum is one located adjacent Campania Amphitheater in Santa Maria Capua Vetere. Power struggles continued in the aftermath of Caesar’s death, chiefly between his assassins Brutus and Cassius, his adopted son Octavian, the surviving sons of Pompey and former ally of Caesar Mark Anthony. Once the succession was ​finalized in 1714 conflict continued in Italy between the Bourbons and the Habsburgs. Jun 10, 1940. Lombards and Byzantines remained in the south. 1887-1891. 17 Historical Landmarks in Italy You Don’t Want to Miss With its millennia of civilization, Italy has an incredible wealth of notable historic landmarks. The period was later remembered as a golden age of peace. About The World Travel Guide. They conquered and settled much of the north as the Kingdom of Lombardy, and part of the center and south as the Duchies of Spoleto and Benevento. 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