La conférence des oiseaux di Farid Uddin Attar Adattamento teatrale e regia di Jean-Claude Carrière Con Jean-Claude Carrière e Nahal Tajadod Commento … [12] At the age of 78, Attar died a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Nishapur in April 1221. He was born in Kadkan, a village near Neishabour in Khorasan Razavi which is in the north-east of Iran. Loading Preview Download pdf × Close Log In. Today, his mausoleum is located in Nishapur. The literary historian, Muhammad ‘Awfi, who visited Nishapur around 1200 CE, describes ‘Attar as a pious, withdrawn Sufi and a fine mystical poet. PDF. Today it is the official language of. Poem Hunter all poems of by Attar of Nishapur poems. [5] There are many more examples of such subtle symbols and allusions throughout the Mantiq. Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr [The Conference of the Birds] and Ilāhī-Nāma [The Book of Divine] are among his most famous works. 'Attar believed that God is beyond all human knowledge. ), and an equally rich group of themes typical of lyrical poetry of erotic inspiration adopted by mystical literature (the torment of love, impossible union, beauty of the loved one, stereotypes of the love story as weakness, crying, separation).[24]. Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams The first recorded use of this metre for a mathnawi poem took place at the Nizari Ismaili fortress of Girdkuh between 1131-1139. 'Attar also means rose oil. There are also some Qasida ("Odes"), but they amount to less than one-seventh of the Divan. In the end, the birds learn that they themselves are the Simorgh; the name “Simorgh” in Persian means thirty (si) birds (morgh). [4] Today, his mausoleum is located in Nishapur. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. Sana'i, Maulvi and Attar are the three peaks of Persian mysticism that used poetry to express their intentions and thoughts. Attar’s beguiling anecdotes and humor intermingle the sublime with the mundane, the spiritual with the worldly, while his poem models the soul’s escape from the mind’s rational embrace. Log In with Facebook Log In with Google. Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. Biography. Attar. … Folio from an illustrated manuscript dated c.1600. They are sometimes modeled after Sanai. From childhood onward Attar, encouraged by his father, was interested in the Sufis and their sayings and way of life, and regarded their saints as his spiritual guides. [23], Mukhtār-Nāma (Persian: مختار نامه‎), a wide-ranging collection of quatrains (2088 in number). According to Idries Shah, China as used here, is not the geographical China, but the symbol of mystic experience, as inferred from the Hadith (declared weak by Ibn Adee, but still used symbolically by some Sufis): "Seek knowledge; even as far as China". Farid ud-Din Attar was apparently tried at one point for heresy and exiled from Nishapur, but he eventually returned to his home city and that is where he died. The story is about a king who is confronted with the materialistic and worldly demands of his six sons. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm, better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. 11th January 2019 . منطق الطیر - هفت شهر عشق = Mantiq Al-Tayr = Maqāmāt-uṭ-Ṭuyūr = The Conference of the Birds, Farid ud-Din Attar The Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds (1177), is a celebrated literary masterpiece of Persian literature by poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221) better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. He obviously had no motive for sharing his expert knowledge in the manner customary among court panegyrists, whose type of poetry he despised and never practiced. Ajouter une citation. When the birds assemble, they wonder why they have no king. [20]":[21] 17-18. Each of these desires is discussed first literally, and shown to be absurd, and then it is explained how there is an esoteric interpretation of each one. "A. J. Arberry, "Sufism: An Account of the Mystics ", Courier Dover Publications, Nov 9, 2001. p. 141, Sholeh Wolpé, "The Conference of the Birds" W. W. Norton & Co, 2017, First edition p. 5, F. Meier, "Der Geistmensch bei dem persischen Dichter `Attar", Eranos-Jahrbuch 13, 1945, pp. [4] His talent for perception of deeper meanings behind outward appearances enables him to turn details of everyday life into illustrations of his thoughts. In its introduction `Attar mentions three other works of his, including one entitled Šarḥ al-Qalb, presumably the same that he destroyed. PDF. 1590–1610), in ink, opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper, dimensions 25,4 x 11,4 cm.[22]. Attar of … `Attar was a pen-name which he took for his occupation. Judging from `Attar's writings, he approached the available Aristotelian heritage with skepticism and dislike. The first son asks for the daughter of the king of the fairies, the second for the mastery of magic, the third for the cup of Jamshid, which has the property of displaying the whole world, the fourth for the water of life, the fifth for the ring of Solomon, which has control over fairies and demons, and the sixth for mastering alchemy. In 1963 the Persian composer Hossein Dehlavi wrote a piece for voice and orchestra on Attar's 'Forugh-e Eshgh'. [4] One work is missing from these lists, namely the Tadhkirat-ul-Awliyā, which was probably omitted because it is a prose work; its attribution to `Attar is scarcely open to question. 6 Fifty Poems of Attar Khurasan, the Hanafis and Shafi‘ts. Attar met Rumi at the end of his life when Rumi was only a boy and gave his book Asrarnameh (The Book of secrets) as a present to him. These valleys are as follows:[20][21], Sholeh Wolpé writes, "When the birds hear the description of these valleys, they bow their heads in distress; some even die of fright right then and there. `Attar is one of the most famous mystic poets of Iran. `Attar means herbalist, druggist, perfumist or alchemist, and during his lifetime in Persia, much of medicine and drugs were based on herbs. Attar’s most famous poem by far is his Conference of the Birds(Mantiq al-tayr). Attar met Rumi at the end of his life when Rumi was only a boy and gave his book Asrarnameh (The Book of secrets) as a present to him. [7] He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi. 6 Full PDFs related to this paper. He has provided the inspiration for Rumi and many other poets. While the mathnawi genre of poetry may use a variety of different metres, Attar adopted a particular meter, that was later imitated by Rumi in his famous Mathnawi-yi Ma’nawi, which then became the mathnawi metre par excellence. Read 4 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Richard W. Bulliet, The Patricians of Nishapur: A Study in Medieval Islamic Social History, ‘Cambridge (Mass. The piece received its first performance by Saba Orchestra and the vocalist Khatereh Parvaneh at the National Television in Tehran. It likely set the stage for later poetry in this style by mystics such as Attar and Rumi.[17]. Every year, a number of literati and scholars gathered at the mausoleum of the Persian poet Attar of Nishapur to mark Attar National Day, which was on April 13. Yet, whoever looks into that mirror will also behold his or her own image." His ideas range over the whole spectrum of Persian mysticism and religious philosophy, and his writing paved the way for the triumphs of Rumi and Hafiz. 0 poems of Attar of Nishapur. or. [14][15] He did not seem to want to reveal the secrets of nature. Reviews There … - Farid ud Din Attar - translation Margaret Smith -. The starting point is the idea that the body-bound soul's awaited release and return to its source in the other world can be experienced during the present life in mystic union attainable through inward purification. 1: 751-755. The epic poem is a masnavi, a poetic form invented by the Persians. Allama Iqbal. Usage Public Domain Mark 1.0 Topics Persian Poetry, Intikhab, Tasawwuf Collection opensource Language English. He wrote a collection of lyrical poems and number of long poems in the philosophical tradition of Islamic mysticism, as well as a prose work with biographies and sayings of famous Muslim mystics. [10] Attar was a Sunni Muslim.[11]. From the movie: Bab'Aziz: The Prince That Contemplated His Soul Full movie can be viewed here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMJTYz9fEOg [6] Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr [The Conference of the Birds] and Ilāhī-Nāma [The Book of Divine] are among his most famous works. Rumi has mentioned both of them with the highest esteem several times in his poetry. It adheres to a meter of ten or eleven syllables per line, in rhyming couplets. Notably, jazz bassist David Holland's album, which was written as a metaphor for his own enlightenment, and Om's Conference of the Birds, which deals with extremely esoteric themes often connected with metaphors of flight, inward vision, destruction of self, and oneness with the cosmos. However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Seljuq period. Attar of Nishapur (The Conference of the Birds) To seek death is death's only cure. + Voir plus. Excerpt: "ATTAR, FARID AL-DIN MUHAMMAD B. IBRAHIM.Persian mystical poet. Ajouter une vidéo. [4] Attar's lyrics express the same ideas that are elaborated in his epics. Lewis, 2000). Information about Attar’s life is scarce and has been mythologized over the centuries. Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges, used in one of his short stories, The Approach to Al-Mu'tasim, a summary of The Conference of the Birds as a reference. The Ubuntu Theater Project in Berkeley California premiered an adaptation of Attar's The Conference of the Birds by Sholeh Wolpe, in Oakland, California. Attar of Nishapur (The Newborn) The home we seek is in eternity. He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi.However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now His lyric poetry does not significantly differ from that of his narrative poetry, and the same may be said of the rhetoric and imagery. Like many of his other poems, it is in the mathnawi genre of rhyming couplets. The Ilāhī-Nama (Persian: الهی نامه‎) or Elāhī-Nāmeh is another famous poetic work of Attar, consisting of 6500 verses. Let love lead your soul. All Pervading Consciousness; In the Dead of night; Intoxicated by the Wine of Love; Invocation; Looking for your own face; Mystic Silence; The Triumph of the Soul; Why was Adam; Links. It is said that Rumi actually met Attar when Attar was an old man and Rumi was a boy, though some scholars dispute this possibility. comment. Profanity : Our optional filter replaced words with *** on this page •, © by owner. Fifty Poems of Attar Addeddate 2015-12-03 06:22:03 Identifier FiftyPoemsOfAttar Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t7tn1222s Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0 Ppi 600 Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.6.3. plus-circle Add Review. Come you lost Atoms to your Centre draw, … A short summary of this paper. Although the contemporary sources confirm only `Attar's authorship of the Dīwān and the Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr, there are no grounds for doubting the authenticity of the Mukhtār-Nāma and Khusraw-Nāma and their prefaces. The Tadhkirat-ul-Awliyā, a hagiographic collection of Muslim saints and mystics, is Attar's only known prose work. Rumi, as quoted in Fodor's Iran (1979) by Richard Moore and Peter Sheldon, p. 277; God is Eternal … Here in this garden of a lower Eden, Attar perfumed the soul of the humblest of men. [11] According to Annemarie Schimmel, the tendency among Shia authors to include leading mystical poets such as Rumi and Attar among their own ranks, became stronger after the introduction of Twelver Shia as the state religion in the Safavid Empire in 1501. Faridudin Attar (فریدالدین عطار) was born in Nishapur In 1136. This paper. The story of Sultan Mahmood travelling faster than Messenger. Attar of Nishapur- Persian Muslim poet Tehran (ISNA) - Abu Hamed Abu Bakr Attar of Nishapur was a Persian Muslim poet, and mystic has lived between 1145 c –1221c. His Qasidas expound upon mystical and ethical themes and moral precepts. Attar of Nishapur; Attar of Nishapur. [4] At the same time, the mystic Persian poet Rumi has mentioned: "Attar was the spirit, Sanai his eyes twain, And in time thereafter, Came we in their train"[8] and mentions in another poem: Attar traveled through all the seven cities of love, While I am only at the bend of the first alley..[9], `Attar was probably the son of a prosperous chemist, receiving an excellent education in various fields. The hoopoe leads the birds, each of whom represents a human fault which prevents human kind from attaining enlightenment. Paintings by Habiballah of Sava (active ca. She recommends Simurgh as their true king, saying that one of his feathers fell on China. Eventually, he abandoned his pharmacy store and traveled widely - to Baghdad, Basra, Kufa, Mecca, Medina, Damascus, Khwarizm, Turkistan, and India, meeting with Sufi Shaykhs - and returned promoting Sufi ideas. Within the larger context of the story of the journey of the birds, Attar masterfully tells the reader many didactic short, sweet stories in captivating poetic style. The thoughts depicted in `Attar's works reflects the whole evolution of the Sufi movement. At the age of 78, Attar died a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Nishapur in April 1221. He has often being referred as Farid-ul-Din of Nishapur. [16], Attar’s most famous poem by far is his Conference of the Birds (Mantiq al-tayr). Download Full PDF Package. 147-53, "The Concourse of the Birds", Folio 11r from a Mantiq al-tair (Language of the Birds), The Met, Can Literature Save the World? The hoopoe tells the birds that they have to cross seven valleys in order to reach the abode of Simorgh. étiquettes récits fables poésie poèmes contes soufisme sagesse quête mystique oiseaux spirituel traditions religion spiritualité islam islam iranien mystique musulmane According to Edward G. Browne, Attar as well as Rumi and Sana'i, were Sunni as evident from the fact that their poetry abounds with praise for the first two caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattāb - who are detested by Shia mysticism. Information about Attar's life is rare and scarce. Ajouter des informations. Fifty Poems of Attar. Fifty Poems of Attar. Of the forty works bearing Attar’s name, approximately seven are verifiably his, including The Conference of the Birds, which he completed around 1187 when he was about forty years old. Therefore, by profession he was similar to a modern-day town doctor and pharmacist. [13] In explaining his thoughts, 'Attar uses material not only from specifically Sufi sources but also from older ascetic legacies. `Attar, along with Sanai were two of the greatest influences on Rumi in his Sufi views. [4] The people he helped in the pharmacy used to confide their troubles in `Attar and this affected him deeply. Although his heroes are for the most part Sufis and ascetics, he also introduces stories from historical chronicles, collections of anecdotes, and all types of high-esteemed literature. In terms of form and content, it has some similarities with Bird Parliament. Free PDF. Dec 13, 2014 - appendixjournal: “ An illustration from Attar of Nishapur’s poem “The Conference of the Birds” (1177 CE). 5.12. Tagged: Fariduddin Attar of Nishapur . Several musical artists have albums or songs which share the name of his most famous work, Conference of the Birds, as well as the themes of enlightenment contained therein. Attar has roamed through the seven cities of love while we have barely turned down the first street. On the way, many perish of thirst, heat or illness, while others fall prey to wild beasts, panic, and violence. Download with Google Download with Facebook. Fifty Poems of Attar book. In the Book of God (Ilahi-nama) 'Attar framed his mystical teachings in various stories that a caliph tells his six sons, who are kings themselves and seek worldly pleasures and power. Ritter, H. (1986), “Attar”, Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Ed., vol. Rumi praises `Attar as follows: Attar has roamed through the seven cities of love while we have barely turned down the first street.[25]. The hoopoe, the wisest of them all, suggests that they should find the legendary Simorgh. His works were the inspiration of Rumi and many other mystic poets. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221; Persian: ابو حامد بن ابوبکر ابراهیم‎), better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn (فرید الدین) and ʿAṭṭār (عطار, Attar means apothecary), was a Persian[3][4][5] poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. 286 ff, “Persian Poetry, Sufism and Ismailism: The Testimony of Khwajah Qasim Tushtari's Recognizing God.”, quoted in H. Ritter, "Philologika X," pp. The King tries to show the temporary and senseless desires of his six sons by retelling them a large number of spiritual stories. The idiosyncrasy of `Attar's presentations invalidates his works as sources for study of the historical persons whom he introduces. The Ghazals often seem from their outward vocabulary just to be love and wine songs with a predilection for libertine imagery, but generally imply spiritual experiences in the familiar symbolic language of classical Islamic Sufism. The Diwan of Attar (Persian: دیوان عطار‎) consists almost entirely of poems in the Ghazal ("lyric") form, as he collected his Ruba'i ("quatrains") in a separate work called the Mokhtar-nama. Mystic Poet; Born: c. 1110 Nishapur, Persia: Died: c. 1220 (aged 109–110) Nishapur, Persia: Venerated in: Islam: Influences: Ferdowsi, Sanai, Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, Mansur Al-Hallaj, Abu-Sa'id Abul-Khayr, Bayazid Bastami: Influenced: Rumi, Hafez, Jami, Ali-Shir Nava'i and many other later Sufi Poets: Tradition or genre. Shaykh Fariduddin Attar in words of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. He has provided the inspiration for Rumi and many other poets. 8 poems of Farid ud-Din Attar. Create a free account to download. Poems by Attar. In 1990 the opera singer Hossein Sarshar performed this piece as well which its recording is available. Such knowledge is only brought into his works in contexts where the theme of a story touches on a branch of the natural sciences. Farīd ad-Dīn ʿAṭṭār (en persan : فَرید الدّین ابو حامِد محمّد عطّار نِیشابوری, Farīd ad-dīn Abū Ḥāmid Moḥammed ʿAṭṭār Nīšābūrī), parfois surnommé Attar de Nishapur, est un poète mystique persan (v. 1145 - mort entre 1190 et 1229), né et mort à Nichapour (), où se trouve son tombeau. Poem Hunter all poems of by Farid ud-Din Attar poems. Premium PDF Package. Like many of his other poems, it is in the mathnawi genre of rhyming couplets. Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. provided at no charge for educational purposes, http://oldpoetry.com/opoem/show/132284-Edward-FitzGerald-Bird-Parliament--translation-of-. Sourced quotations by the Persian Poet Attar of Nishapur (1142 — 1221) about love, god and soul. He composed over forty books mainly in the epic masnavi form of rhyming couplets, his most famous being The Book of God and The Conference of the Birds. But despite their trepidations, they begin the great journey. 24th November 2018. Daadbeh, Asghar and Melvin-Koushki, Matthew, “ʿAṭṭār Nīsābūrī”, in: Farīd al-Dīn ʿAṭṭār, in Encyclopædia Britannica, online edition - accessed December 2012. Download PDF Package. The first recorded use of this metre for a mathnawi poem took place at the Nizari Ismaili fortress of Girdkuh between 1131-1139. The oft-repeated story of ‘Attar meeting young Rumi in Nishapur belongs to the realm of succession myths (F.D. In the introductions of Mukhtār-Nāma (مختارنامه) and Khusraw-Nāma (خسرونامه), Attar lists the titles of further products of his pen: He also states, in the introduction of the Mukhtār-Nāma, that he destroyed the Jawāhir-Nāma' and the Šarḥ al-Qalb with his own hand. ‘ATTAR: SELECTED POETRY Translation, Introduction & Notes by Paul Smith Farid ad-din ‘Attar is seen with Sana’i and Rumi (who he met and influenced) as one of the three most important Sufi Poet –Masters of the 13th century. Finally, only thirty birds make it to the abode of Simorgh. Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr or the Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds is a Persian poem by Sufi poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur. Faridi-ul-Din Attar (or Faridudin) was born in Nishapur, in the Iranian province of Khorasan and died in the same city. This adroit handling of symbolisms and allusions can be seen reflected in these lines: It was in China, late one moonless night, The Simorgh first appeared to mortal sight – Beside the symbolic use of the Simorgh, the allusion to China is also very significant. It was built by Ali-Shir Nava'i in the 16th century. 1 Pages. Sufi Biography: Faridudin Attar. Attar a écrit plusieurs poèmes moraux et mystiques, dont les plus célèbres sont "Le Livre des conseils" ou "La Conférence des oiseaux". Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. They eventually come to understand that the majesty of that Beloved is like the sun that can be seen reflected in a mirror. His ideas and exquisite verse deserve a wider circulation than has been accorded … As sources on the hagiology and phenomenology of Sufism, however, his works have immense value. Attar of Nishapur (The Conference of the Birds) From each a mystic silence Love demands. The title is taken directly from the Qur’an, 27:16, where Sulayman and Dāwūd are said to have been taught the language, or speech, of the birds. The scope of his six sons the sun that can be seen reflected in a mirror Sanai were two his... Have barely turned down the first recorded use of this metre for a mathnawi poem took place at the of. Mark 1.0 Topics Persian poetry, Intikhab, Tasawwuf collection opensource language English Farid AL-DIN Muhammad B. IBRAHIM.Persian Poet. Can not gain spiritual knowledge without dying to all things are elaborated in his attar of nishapur poems Rumi! 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