If planting a mixture with other species, reduce the planting rate accordingly, depending on the number of species included. In the late summer, the iron clay cowpeas will produce seed in pods that make a superb food for turkey and quail. I have probably planted more acres in cowpeas during summer than any other species. Cowpea Seeds $6.00 Iron and Clay cowpeas makes a great cover crop for smothering weeds and adding Nitrogen to soil during spring as the frost will kill the cowpeas. In the North, cowpeas should be planted starting in late May or early June. The deer at my place wiped out 3 acre patch two years ago in one night in mid June. Alternatively, planting cowpeas later in the summer (late June/July) will ensure they last into bow season. For quantities over 500 lbs. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a warm-season annual legume that originated from Ethiopia. Iron Clay Cow Peas produce forage in 45 days and mature seed in 100 days. For example, planting cowpeas alone in Alabama or Mississippi may not result in quality forage being available to bowhunt over because bow season opens relatively late (mid-October) and cowpeas tend to fade out. From about the mid-South region northward, which experiences a shorter growing season, this really isn’t a factor. Cowpeas are the most productive legume in warm regions of the United States. If broadcasting, plant about 60 to 70 pounds per acre. In the South, cowpeas can be planted as early as mid-April and can be successfully established throughout the summer if soil moisture is adequate. Here is a link to their site: According to the Environmental Protection Agency most fertilizers Fertilizer For Iron Clay Peas Lawn Recommendations Spring Ontario contain about the same basic materials: nitrogen potassium phosphorus and sometimes other nutrients like zinc needed for healthy plant growth. Iron clay peas have the ability to produce their own nitrogen in root modules, which makes them an excellent choice as a “soil-building” summer crop. The following insects are ranked from the most important and common pests in Georgia, with an emphasis on southern Georgia, where the majority of the production occurs. Once planted, the seeds should reach maturity within ninety to one hundred days provided that rainfall exceeds at least twenty-five inches. The cowpea curculio is the main production-limiting key pest where it occurs in the Southeastern United States. I like to include lablab in the mixture because it persists longer than cowpeas, holding deer in the area longer. Relative Maturity: Late Class: Non Crowder Plant Habit: Bushy Pod Color: Green Seed Color: Light Brown Seed Size: Medium Description: One of the most popular peas for wildlife enthusiasts planting warm season plots, this variety has a heavy growth of vines that is great for soil improvement and deer forage. Due to its rapid growth and nitrogen fixing capabilities, cowpeas are an excellent choice for cover crop or green manuring. When planting cowpeas, I typically plant approximately 70 to 80 lbs./acre if broadcasting and cover the seed about an inch by lightly disking. Iron Clay Peas are a warm season Legume used as an added ingredient to Spring, Summer and Fall food plots for wildlife. All insect pests but the cowpea curculio, have satisfactory control options available to growers. He earned his bachelor's degree in wildlife science from Mississippi State University and his master's in wildlife management from the University of Tennessee. Iron-clay cowpeas are one of my all-time favorite summer forages for deer. For best results provide a well-drained soil, with pH in the range of 5.5-6.5. Growth: Annual. Southern peas have cultural requirements similar to beans. Iron & Clay cowpeas are a summer annual legume. It has a trifoliate leaf (similar to soybeans) that is deep green in color on top and pale, whitish-green underneath. If there are several buds left after defoliation, the plant will regenerate. Iron clay cowpeas are a highly preferred annual season legume which is best used when planting a combination of plants for foraging wildlife food plots. Ryan Basinger of Alabama is a certified wildlife biologist and the Wildlife Consulting Manager for Westervelt Wildlife Services. Planting Rate: 15 lbs/acre drilled or 40 lbs/acre broadcast, Wildlife Food Planting Manual for the Southeast (PDF). If you got deer and you plant Iron Clay cow peas for turkeys, you'll be lucky if the turkeys get any unless you plant about 6-8 acres. Cowpeas typically persist until the first frost as long as they aren’t overgrazed and deer will be using them regularly during bow season. 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